The word acid can sound frightening, but in truth, there’s nothing to be afraid of. Acids can be found in many of our favorite products, and they do wonders for our skin. Like any other type of ingredient, it’s important to know which combinations are safe to layer and which we should completely avoid. To make life easier, we did the research and listed it all down for you!
Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), making it an exfoliant that works on the top layer of the skin. It sheds dead skin cells to unveil newer, brighter layers. This makes it look smoother and more even. Out of all of the AHA’s, glycolic acid has the lowest molecular weight, making it more effective as it can easily penetrate the skin.
Layer with: Hyaluronic Acid & Ceramides
As with many exfoliators, glycolic acid may dry out the skin. That’s why it would be great to incorporate products into your routine that have hydrating ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid. Aside from this, it is also good to use products with ceramides as they help to hold cells together, lock in moisture, and prevent dryness and irritation.
Don’t layer with: Retinol & Manual Exfoliants
Because our skin may already be more sensitive after exfoliating, it is wise to absolutely steer clear of retinol, which on its own can be highly sensitizing. Aside from this, make sure not to incorporate any manual exfoliants into your routine while using glycolic acid. This would definitely be too much for your skin to handle!
Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid (BHA), meaning that it is oil soluble and can enter pores to dissolve dead skin cells and sebum. It is also an exfoliator that is well known for reducing acne. It is used to get rid of blackheads and whiteheads and can also help to prevent any future breakouts.
Layer with: Hyaluronic Acid & Ceramides
Like glycolic acid, the exfoliating properties of salicylic acid may be drying to the skin. That’s why this ingredient works wonders when combined with hydrating and skin barrier-repairing ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid and ceramides.
Don’t layer with: Retinol, Manual Exfoliants, Azelaic Acid
Similar to glycolic acid, it is important never to mix salicylic acid with retinol or manual exfoliants. It is also important to stay clear of azelaic acid, as this might also overly sensitize your skin when used with salicylic acid.
We kept mentioning hyaluronic acid, but what is this ingredient? Well, hyaluronic acid is a star humectant --- it can hold 1,000 times its weight in water. This means that it is a power ingredient for hydrating the skin, making it look more plump and youthful.
Layer with: Retinol
Hyaluronic acid mixed with retinol is a star pairing. While retinol can do wonders for the skin, such as lessening wrinkles and decreasing oil production, it tends to leave our skin feeling dry and flaky. That’s why an ultra-hydrating ingredient such as hyaluronic acid does the trick of combating these effects.
Don’t layer with: None!
There aren’t many rules when it comes to this ingredient! It can be easily paired with any others, making hyaluronic acid products perfect for any skincare routine.
If you suffer from dark spots post-breakout, then look no further! Azelaic acid is both anti-inflammatory and anti-pigment, making it perfect for acne. It prevents hyperpigmentation by interfering with melanin production. It is also a gentle exfoliant --- gentler than AHA’s (like glycolic acid) and BHA’s (salicylic acid).
Layer with: Niacinamide & Vitamin C
ic acid would make an amazing combination for tackling problems with hyperpigmentation.
Don’t layer with: Retinol & Salicylic Acid
Using retinol or salicylic acid with your azelaic acid would be too irritating to the skin, as this would increase your chance of dryness. Make sure to use your azelaic acid products on the days when you do not use these two ingredients!
That’s all for today, BFFs! Feel free to get your PERFECT PAIR actives at P1,000 OFF this February! Buy any 2 items on any of the February weekends, and get P1,000 off when you check out with the code BFFPERFECTPAIR at www.bffmanila.com. DM our BFF Beauty Experts at @bff_mnl or Viber them at 0918-8-BFFMNL for assistance.
Article by Andi Panaguiton